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Debunking the EU Broadband Utopia

As an American academic in Europe, I find the claims by some American media about an EU broadband utopia curious.  Europeans roundly complain about the quality of their broadband, and, there is no European who would say that the US is falling behind Europe. In fact some of the biggest critics of the EU are the EU leaders themselves.  Consider EU Commissioner for Digital Life Neelie Kroes:

The world envied Europe as we pioneered the global mobile industry in the early 1990s (GSM), but [because] our industry often has no home market to sell to (for example, 4G) consumers miss out on latest improvements or their devices lack the networks needed to be enjoyed fully. These problems hurt all sectors and rob Europe of jobs it badly needs. EU companies are not global internet players. . . . 4G/LTE reaches only 26% of the European population. In the US one company alone (Verizon) reaches 90%!

Kroes praises the success of the American broadband mode, noting its ability to drive private investment and innovation. She is increasingly joined by other European leaders who recognize that the European approach is not working. 

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Danish Flag

What The U.S. Can Learn From Denmark’s Industrial PhD Program

Denmark’s Industrial PhD program, administered by the Danish Agency for Science, Technology and Innovation, oversees industrial PhD collaboration between universities, companies, and PhD students in Denmark. As an American participating in this program, I share my experience of the program, the value it has delivered for Denmark, and how it works.

Denmark’s industrial PhD program is associated with higher patent applications, increased gross profit, increased overall employment, and increased total factor productivity for the participating companies. Students in the program experience an increased salary and higher corporate leadership roles compared to conventional PhD students and ordinary graduates. While a program that has an annual budget of $27 million for 120 projects in a country of 5 million people may seem small from a U.S. perspective, it offers a relevant and interesting comparison for many states in the United States and state university innovation programs.

The Value of Denmark’s Industrial PhD Program

The goal of the Industrial PhD Program is to increase knowledge sharing between universities and private sector companies, promote research with commercial perspectives, and take advantage of competences and research facilities to increase the number of PhDs. Denmark’s

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